Helvella L. | MYCO-LICH

Helvella L.

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The fungal genus Helvella L. in Iran
Asef, Mohammad Reza
Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection
Key to Species: 

. Apothecium cupulate………….H. leucomelaena

1. Apothecium convex to irregularly lobed……….2

2. Stipe ribbed…………………………………….3

2. Stipe terete……………………………………..6

3. Excipular surface glabrous…………H. lacunosa

3. Excipular surface pubescent or villose near the margin………………………………………....4

4. Hymenium and stipe whitish…………..H. crispa

4. Hymenium pale brownish to brownish………...5

5. Ribs with sharp edge, expanding up to the middle part of the apothecium …...……H. acetabulum

5. Ribs with blunt edge, expanding up to the most of the apothecium………………….H. costifera

6. Apothecium and stipe very dark brown to black ………………………………………….H. atra

6. Apotheciun and stipe not very dark brown to black……….…………………………………..7

7. Excipular surface glabrous……………………..8

7. Excipular surface pubescent to villose…………9

8. Spore dimensions 18-21 × 11-13 µm...H. elastica

8. Spore dimensions 21-24×13-15 µm...H. leucopus

9.Apothecium up to 1.5cm, stipe grey-brown …………………………..…..……H. ephippium

9. Stipe white to cream………….…….H. latispora

Reference: 
  • Abbott SP, Currah RS. 1997. The Helvellaceae: systematic revision and occurrence in northern and northwestern North America. Mycotaxon 62: 1–125.
  • Asef MR, Ozzar A, Siami A. 2010. Helvella acetabulum, a new record from Iran. Rostaniha 11: 199-200.
  • Calonge FD, Arroyo I. 1990. Notes on the genus Helvella in Spain. Mycotaxon 39: 203–217
  • Daneshpazhouh B. 1991. New records of Helotiales and Pezizales (Discomycetes) for Iran. Proceeding of the 10th Iranian Plant Protection congress. Kerman. Iran.
  • Dissing H. 1966. The genus Helvella in Europe with special emphasis on the species found in Norden. Dansk Botanisk Arkiv 25: 1–172.
  • Häffner J. 1987. Die Gattung Helvella: Morphologie und Taxonomie. Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für Mykologie 7: 1–165.
  • Han S-K, Oh S-H, Kim H-J. 2010. Eight unrecorded higher fungi identified at the Korea National Arboretum. Mycobiology 38: 81–88.
  • Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Spatafora JA. 2008. Dictionary of the fungi. 10th edition. CAB International, Walingford, UK.
  • Landeros F, Iturriaga T, Guzmán-Dávalos L. 2012. Type studies in Helvella (Pezizales) 1. Mycotaxon 119: 35-63.
  • Saber M, Mehravaran H. 2004. A report on macromycetes fungi from Orumieh (West Azarbaijan). Proceeding of the 16th Iranian Plant Protection congress. Tabriz. Iran.
  • Saber M, Zangeneh S. 2004. New records of macromycetes from Iran. Proceeding of the 16th Iranian Plant Protection congress. Tabriz. Iran.
  • Zhuang WY. 2004. Preliminary survey of the Helvellaceae from Xinjiang, China. Mycotaxon 90: 35–42.
citation: 

Asef, M. R. (2014) The fungal genus Helvella L. in Iran. http://www.myco-lich.ir/  Retrieved date04/07/2020.