Flavopunctelia soredica (Nyl.) Hale | MYCO-LICH

Flavopunctelia soredica (Nyl.) Hale

Synonymy : 
Parmelia ulophyllodes (Vain.) Savicz, Parmelia soredica Nyl.

Thallus medium sized, closely adnate, agglutinated to the substratum; lobes narrow subirregular, rounded, contiguous to crowded; upper surface yellow-green, pseudocyphellae minute or even absent, sometimes fairly maculate; margins wavy, sorediate; medulla white; lower surface pale brown or blackening, rhizines simple, numerous, distributed in the central part. Apothecia rare, saucer-shaped, imperforate. Spores undivided, colourless. Apothecia and pycnidia not seen in the examined specimens, Divakar & Upreti (2005).

This species is mostly corticolous, rarely saxicolous; it grows in elevation of 1700 -2000 m on trunks and branches of different species of trees in the Hyrcanian forests.

Chemistry: usnic acid and lecanoric acid, cortex K-, medulla K-, C+ red, KC + red, P-.

Examined specimen: Iran, Mazandaran, Ramsar, Javaherdeh village, beside the road, 7 km from Javaherdeh village, 1800 m, 36˚52´N 50˚36´E, on twigs of living trees, 20.07.2006, Mahya Jamshidikia (herb. Jamshidikia 154, IRAN 5458F).

World Distribution: Asia, Europe, Africa, North and South America.